Mixed-Dimensional van der Waals Heterostructures

Dr. Mark C. Hersam, Northwestern University
February 5, 2018 at 11:00 am
206 Crow
Event Description 

Layered two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials interact primarily via van der Waals bonding, which has created new opportunities for heterostructures that are not constrained by epitaxial growth. However, it is important to acknowledge that van der Waals interactions are not limited to interplanar interactions in 2D materials. In principle, any passivated, dangling bond-free surface interacts with another via non-covalent forces. Consequently, the emerging layered 2D nanomaterials can be integrated with a diverse range of other materials, including those of different dimensionality, to form van der Waals heterostructures. This talk will explore mixed-dimensional combinations of 2D + n-D (n = 0, 1 and 3) materials, thus significantly expanding the van der Waals heterostructure concept. In order to efficiently explore the vast phase space for mixed-dimensional heterostructures, our laboratory employs solution-based additive assembly. In particular, constituent nanomaterials (e.g., carbon nanotubes, graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, black phosphorus, and boron nitride) are isolated in solution, and then deposited into thin films with scalable additive manufacturing methods (e.g., inkjet, gravure, and screen printing. By achieving high levels of nanomaterial monodispersity and printing fidelity. A variety of electronic and energy applications can be enhanced including digital logic circuits and lithium-ion batteries. Furthermore, by integrating multiple nanomaterial inks into heterostructures, unprecedented device function is realized including anti-ambipolar transistors, gate-tunable photovoltaics, and neuromorphic memristors. In addition to technological implications for electronic and energy technologies, this talk will explore several fundamental issues including band alignment, doping, trap states, and charge/energy transfer across previously unexplored mixed-dimensional heterointerfaces.